Canada

Description

West Coast Trail

Canada: the world's fourth largest country, after Russia, China, United States. When the water area is included, Canada is the second largest. A vast land area between 41 and 84 degrees. The southernmost tip is on the same latitude as Rome. The northernmost tip is near the North Pole. The USA are only slightly larger, but count 10 times as many inhabitants.

From east to west, the country displays a great geographical diversity. The Appalachian Mountains run through to Newfoundland on Canada's east coast. Going west, we encounter the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Lowlands. Further west lie the vast Canadian Interior Plains, hot summers, cold winters. Further west still, we hit the mountains of the Continental Divide, including the Canadian Rockies. The western coastline finally is green and sparsely populated. Most of Canada's land mass is virtually uninhabited: the Arctic part of Canada.

The hiking trails in Canada are as varied as the landscape. You have a wide choice of trails:

  1. Multi-use Trailways (eg Newfoundland T'railway). Many old railways have been turned into use as recreation trail, which is a very good thing of course. On these paths, cycling is probably more popular than walking, depending on the quality of the surface. Trailways typically are open to hiking, horse riding, cycling, cross country skiing and sometimes snowmobiling in winter;
  2. Wilderness hikes (for example the West Coast Trail, Canol Heritage Trail). These are rough trails, far from civilization, meant for experienced hikers who are prepared to dragging everything with them for an extended period;
  3. Long trails (eg the National Hiking Trail of Canada, Trans Canada Trail). These are semi-permanent projects to create a trail bigger than big. The Trans Canada Trail is a multiuse trail from the east coast to the west coast. Efforts to create a second trail, which is intended solely for walkers, presumably are not very succesful yet: the National Hiking Trail of Canada;
  4. Recreation Trails (For example the Niagara River Recreation Trail, visiting the Niagara Falls). These are easier paths, often multi-use, through nature, forest, fields and farmlands. Often they also have some historical significance. Along the way, options for sleeping often include hotels and B&B's beside campgrounds;
  5. The national and provincial parks offer a choice of shorter and longer walks. These trails are not allways known by a name. An advantage of this type of hiking are the often good camping facilities amidst beautiful scenery. The downside are the large crowds.

As mentioned before, trails are frequently multi-use. On the one hand there is a Canadian lobby to allow the widest possible public access to these public funded trails, including snowmobiling. On the other hand there is a counter lobby to exclusively designate these trails to the serious nature lover who is walking or skiing at most. To make things worse, we have to count on many ATV enthusiasts, who, with their noisy quads destroy the trails and squander nature. In short: war.

To conclude our brief introduction, let's spend some words to the famous Canadian bug. This is not one particular species of small animals, it is rather a collective noun for any annoying insect that you might encounter in nature, often in large numbers, such as black flies, mosquitoes, midges and deer flies. These hateful little creature often bite. They can be a plague, especially during the summer months, depending on weather conditions, humidity, and habitat. In spring they are not so numerous which makes for a more relaxed time on trail. But then there are obviously other pests, such as mud and snow.

From the small bite to the big bite: Canada has healthy populations of black bears, grizzly bears, polar bears and secretive but potentially dangerous cougars (puma's). Nature is wild and beautiful, especialy in Canada.

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Map

Hiking Map Canada NW Hiking Map Canada NE

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Trails

Regions

States

Books

Cicerone Press
United Kingdom
2002
  • British Columbia
  • A guidebook to walking in British Columbia, Canada. From the Canadian Rockies to the Pacific, British Columbia has 637 provincial parks, six national parks, wide regions of protected land, age-old forests and stunning mountains. The routes include longer mountain trails in true wilderness and shorter, accessible walks. Read more
  • Also available from:
  • The Book Depository, United Kingdom
  • Stanfords, United Kingdom
  • Bol.com, Netherlands
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
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The Book Depository
United Kingdom
2002
Stanfords
United Kingdom
2002
  • British Columbia - A Walking Guide
  • British Columbia is Janna Leigh Fleming’s Cicerone guide to the best walking opportunities in one of the world’s most remote wildernesses and outdoor destinations. The guide covers walks through a territory that includes 637 provincial parks, six national parks, wide regions of protected land and age-old forests, wild mountain rivers, grizzly... Read more
Bol.com
Netherlands
2002
De Zwerver
Netherlands
2003
  • Cicerone Wandelgids Canada - Walking in British Columbia
  • Uitstekende wandelgids van dit geweldige gebied. goed beschreven met veel praktische informatie om de route te kunnen lopen, inclusief redelijke kaarten. Enorm veel keus in een groot gebied! British Columbia is vast, four times the size of the UK, with only 3.5 million people, most of them in Vancouver. From the heights of the Canadian Rockies... Read more
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The Book Depository
United Kingdom
The Book Depository
United Kingdom
  • Also available from:
  • Bol.com, Netherlands
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Bol.com
Netherlands
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The Book Depository
United Kingdom
Stanfords
United Kingdom
Bol.com
Netherlands
Bol.com
Netherlands
Bol.com
Netherlands
Bol.com
Netherlands
Bol.com
Netherlands
Bol.com
Netherlands
Bol.com
Netherlands
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Maps

Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Canmore and Kananaskis Village
  • Canmore and Kananaskis Village in a series of detailed hiking maps of the Canadian Rockies, covering the most popular areas of the Banff, Jasper, Kootenay and Yoho National Parks, as well as Waterton Lakes NP further south and the adjoining Goat Haunt area of Montana. The maps are contoured (50m or 25m interval in most titles) and some titles... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
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De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wandelkaart Canmore & Kananaskis Village | Gem Trek
  • This map covers some of the most popular terrain for hikers and mountain bikers in Kananaskis Country - Bow Valley Provincial Park, the Canmore area, the Smith-Dorrien/Spray Lakes area south to Mount Shark trailhead, Barrier Lake, and the Kananaskis Village area from Ribbon Creek south to Galatea Lakes trailhead. Updated trails on this sixth... Read more
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Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Glacier/Waterton Lakes National Park, MT
  • Map No. 215, Glacier/Waterton Lakes National Park, MT, in an extensive series of GPS compatible, contoured hiking maps of USA’s national and state parks or forests and other popular recreational areas. Cartography based on the national topographic survey, with additional tourist information.The maps, with most titles now printed on light,... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
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De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wandelkaart 215 Glacier - Wateron Lakes National Park | National Geographic
  • Prachtige geplastificeerde kaart van het bekende nationaal park. Met alle recreatieve voorzieningen als campsites, maar ook met topografische details en wandelroutes ed. Door uitgekiend kleurgebruik zeer prettig in gebruik. Scheur en watervast! Waterton Lakes National Park, Canada includes Waterton Park, Upper and Middle Waterton Lakes, The... Read more
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Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Waterton Lakes NP
  • Waterton Lakes National Park in British Columbia with the northern part of the Glacier National Park across the US border in Montana at 1:50,000 on a light, waterproof and tear-resistant map from Gem Trek with descriptions of recommended treks and bike trails, etc.Contours are at 25m intervals, enhanced by relief shading and colouring for... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
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De Zwerver
Netherlands
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Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Kananaskis Lakes
  • Kananaskis Lakes at 1:50,000 on a waterproof and tear-resistant, GPS compatible recreational map in a series from Gem Trek Publishing covering the most popular areas of the Canadian Rockies: Banff, Jasper, Kootenay and Yoho National Parks, as well as Waterton Lakes NP further south and the adjoining Goat Haunt area of Montana. Maps in this... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
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De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wandelkaart Kananaskis Lakes | Gem Trek
  • This map covers what some say is the most scenic terrain in all of Kananaskis Country - the upper Smith-Dorrien-Spray Trail south of Mt. Shark, Peter Lougheed Provincial Park including the network of trails in the Kananaskis Lakes area, and the northern part of Elk Lakes Provincial Park. Seven snowshoe trails have been added to this new... Read more
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Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Algonquin Park 250K ITMB Map
  • Waterproof and tear-resistant topographic survey map of Algonquin Park at 1:250,000 from ITMB, with an 1:50,000 enlargement of the Haliburton County and Nipissing District on the reverse. Both maps show highways with differentiation of the number of lanes indicated, loose surface roads, cart tracks, and trails are marked. Points of interest are... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
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De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wegenkaart - landkaart Algonquin Park (Canada) | ITMB
  • Algonquin National Park kaart, zeer gedetailleerd (schaal 1:50,000) plus op de anderekant van de kaart staat een overzicht van de park, schaal 1:250,000 . Natuurkundige overzichtskaart met veel plaatsen en wegen, spoorlijnen en rivieren, hoogten, lengte- en breedtegraden. Algonquin is an enormous tract of land in central Ontario, Canada, that... Read more
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Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Glacier National Park: North Fork, MT
  • Map No. 313, Glacier National Park: North Fork, MT, in an extensive series of GPS compatible, contoured hiking maps of USA’s national and state parks or forests and other popular recreational areas. Cartography based on the national topographic survey, with additional tourist information.The maps, with most titles now printed on light,... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
» Click to open
De Zwerver
Netherlands
» Click to close
Stanfords
United Kingdom
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Torrijo de la Canada
  • Topographic coverage of mainland Spain at 1:50,000 from the Centro Geográfico del Ejército, the country’s military survey organization. Contours are at 20m intervals, without additional relief shading but with graphics and/or colouring to show different types of terrain, vegetation or land use. Boundaries of national parks and other protected... Read more
Stanfords
United Kingdom
  • Forbidden Plateau and Campbell River 50K ITMB/CMO Map
  • Forbidden Plateau and Campbell River at 1:50,000 in a series of topographic survey maps of selected areas of British Columbia and the Canadian Rockies from ITMB with cartography from Canada’s national survey organization. Most sheets are printed on light, waterproof and tear- resistant plastic paper.Whilst the Canadian Department of Natural... Read more
  • Also available from:
  • De Zwerver, Netherlands
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De Zwerver
Netherlands
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De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wandelkaart Lake O'Hara | Gem Trek
  • Gem Trek Map-Guides Lake O'Hara (16) - This is a detailed map of the Lake O'Hara area. On the front is a 1:20,000-scale topographic map covering the entire Lake O'Hara trail network with all of the hiking trails and alpine routes labelled. The contour interval on the map is 25 metres (80 feet). On the back of the map are descriptions of all the... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wandelkaart Columbia Icefields | Gemtrek
  • This is the fourth map in Gem Trek's Kananaskis Country series, covering south Kananaskis Country from Sheep River Falls in the north to Plateau Mountain in the south. It extends coverage south where the Bragg Creek-Sheep Valley map leaves off, and east where the Kananaskis Lakes map leaves off. It covers the trails southeast of Highwood Pass... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wandelkaart Bragg Creek and Sheep Valley | Gem Trek
  • This map covers the popular recreational terrain close to Calgary, from Sibbald Flats (Hwy 68) in the north, through the Elbow Valley (Hwy 66), and south to Hwy 546 in the Sheep Valley. The map extends west as far as Powderface Trail Road. Hikers and cyclists eager to hit the trails early in the season should note that many of the Elbow Valley... Read more
De Zwerver
Netherlands
  • Wandelkaart Highwood & Cataract Creek | Gem Trek
  • This is the fourth map in Gem Trek's Kananaskis Country series, covering south Kananaskis Country from Sheep River Falls in the north to Plateau Mountain in the south. It extends coverage south where the Bragg Creek-Sheep Valley map leaves off, and east where the Kananaskis Lakes map leaves off. It covers the trails southeast of Highwood Pass... Read more
More maps…

Walking holidays

Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - British Columbia met de kids
  • British Columbia is de nummer 1 bestemming van Canada. Ontdek nu zelf de ruige natuur en glimmende wolkenkrabbers van West-Canada. Van de stranden en regenwouden van het Pacific Rim National Park op Vancouver Island naar de beroemde parken van Banff en Jasper in de Rocky Mountains. Zoveel te zien en te beleven: walvissen en orca's kijken,... Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - Hiking Nova Scotia
  • Rondreis per huurauto en wandelvakantie op het compacte schiereiland Nova Scotia in Oost-Canada. Geniet van de 'Rocky Shores' met haar kleurrijke vissersdorpjes en vuurtorens. Wandel over drooggevallen stranden iin de Bay of Fundy met de grootste getijdeverschillen ter wereld. Huur een kano en zie schildpadden en stekelvarkens in de... Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - British Columbia Explore
  • Avontuurlijke rondreis voor een zeer betaalbare prijs; u overnacht in prima hostels, Bed & Breakfast en motels, op basis van tweepersoonskamers; verblijf in enkele heerlijke steden als Vancouver, Nelson, Victoria, Banff en Jasper en natuurlijk veel tijd voor het bewonderen van de prachtige natuur en vele nationale parken als Manning,... Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - Hiking British Columbia
  • Een korte maar krachtige kennismaking met de natuur van de Canadese provincie British Columbia. Je volgt een route met weinig kilometers via Pacific Rim NP, Garibaldi PP, Wells Gray PP, Jasper NP, Yoho NP en Banff NP. Je overnacht in mooie hotels en lodges dicht bij de parken. Hierdoor heb je veel tijd voor prachtige wandelingen en excursies! Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - British Columbia Camperkids
  • 'Freewheelen' door West-Canada met je eigen comfortabele camper. Van de bruisende Westcoast, via de lege binnenlanden naar de roemruchte Rocky Mountains. Overnachten doe je op leuke campings en natuurlijke campgrounds in de nationale parken van British Columbia (BC), die vooraf voor je zijn gereserveerd. Zo kun je zorgeloos rondreizen, genieten... Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Stel je eigen reis samen in British Columbia en Alberta
  • British Columbia wordt door vele als mooiste provincie van Canada gezien. Een reis van Vancouver naar Calgary leidt u van de regenwouden en wildrijke kust van Vancouver Island naar het hooggebergte van de befaamde Rocky Mountains. Wilt u een echte natuurreis maken dan is British Columbia zeer geschikt. Maar het is zeker ook een genot om hier... Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - British Columbia Traverse
  • Krachtige kennismaking met de natuur van de Canadese provincie British Columbia; route met weinig km's via Pacific Rim National Park, Garibaldi, Wells Gray, Jasper, Yoho  en Banff National Park; overnachtingen in mooie hotels en lodges dicht bij de parken en alle mogelijkheden voor het maken van prachtige wandelingen en excursies. Te verlengen... Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - Camperreis British Columbia
  • Reizen per camper combineert het comfort van een hotelkamer met de sfeer van kamperen. Van de bruisende Westcoast, via de lege binnenlanden naar de roemruchte Rocky Mountains. Overnachten doe je deels op particuliere campings en deels op natuurlijke campgrounds in de nationale parken van British Columbia, die vooraf voor je zijn gereserveerd.... Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - British Columbia Grand Circle
  • Regenwouden aan de westkust van Vancouver Island, per veerboot door de Inside Passage, beren kijken op de Alaskaanse grens, totems en de mooiste plekjes in de Rockies; rondreis per huurauto met verblijf in hotels en lodges en volop tijd om de natuur te ontdekken. Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - Quebec Camping Kids
  • Vanuit compleet ingerichte familietenten, gelegen op de meest mooie plekjes in de natuurparken, ontdek je een wild en verrassend Quebec. Als een 'trapper' zwerven door donkere wouden op zoek naar beren, elanden en kariboes. Bewonder de bouwwerken van een bever, de 'ingenieur' van het noorden. Luister naar het wonderlijke geluid van de beluga,... Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - Ontario & Ottawa
  • Reis begint in Toronto, van waar u een dagexcursie maakt naar de Niagara Falls. Aansluitend per huurauto naar de Bruce Peninsula waar u in het leuke plaatsje Tobermory verblijft en mooie wandelingen kunt maken in het Bruce Peninsula Nationale Park; via Manitoulin Island midden in Lake Huron naar het natuurpark Killarney en Algonquin waar... Read more
Snp Wandelreizen
Netherlands
  • Canada - British Columbia with National Geographic
  • Leer British Columbia kennen door de ogen van de National Geographic Traveler journalisten die u voorgingen, een 'one way' van Vancouver naar Calgary zodat u tijd genoeg overhoudt voor het maken van mooie wandelingen en excursies; van de Westcoast op Vancouver Island, met de veerboot de Discovery Coast Passage naar Bella Coola, via de Chilcotin... Read more
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